The Bulloo Shire Council was constituted in August 1880.
The Bulloo Shire is located in the far south west corner of Outback Queensland, and covers an area of 73,600 square kilometres (4.26% of Qld), making it the third largest Shire in the State. Lake Bindegolly National Park, and a large proportion of Currawinya National Park, together with its Ranger Headquarters, are located within the Shire.
The Bulloo Shire has a long and colourful history of explorers and pastoralists, from the ill-fated Burke and Wills Expedition through to current expeditions searching for oil and gas reserves. It covers vast distances, and offers landscapes of immense diversity and beauty; expansive river and lake systems; sites of historical significance; abundant bird and wildlife; and is subject to extreme seasonal weather conditions. A diversity of industries, including beef, wool, opal, bee-keeping, tourism, service, oil and gas, all contribute to create the vibrant economy of the region.
Thargomindah, with a population of approximately two hundred and thirteen (213) people, is situated on the Bulloo River, and is the Shire’s major town, and administrative centre. The Council is the largest single regional employer and operates from a very modern and well-appointed Administration Centre and Council Depot. The Council also operates/administers the Thargomindah Visitor Information Centre, Library, Kullilli Room, Swimming Pool, Community Centre, Sports Oval, Rodeo Grounds, Cemetery, Bore and Cooling Ponds, Water and Sewerage, Golf Course and Club House, Council Yards, and the Town Common. Thargomindah is serviced by the Royal Flying Doctor Service on a weekly basis, has additional clinics and dental service rotations and can be reached via a commercial passenger air service Rex Airlines, twice weekly.
The township of Hungerford has a population of eleven (11), is located 164 kilometres south of Thargomindah along the Dowling Track, and lies near the Paroo River on the Queensland/New South Wales Border. The town has a Police Station, Post Office facility, Hotel, accommodation, meals and fuel. Council operates a small Depot and Caravan Park, and administers a modern Medical Facility, Community Hall, Tennis Courts, Rodeo Ground, and a sealed Airstrip. The town is serviced by the Royal Flying Doctor Service once a month. The Currawinya National Park, with its Ranger Station, lies adjacent to Hungerford, and is renowned as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
The tiny town of Noccundra has a population of four (4) is situated adjacent to the Noccundra Waterhole on the Wilson River, 122 kilometres west of Thargomindah. The Waterhole and Hotel are both a popular stop-over for tourists on their way to visit the iconic Dig Tree or Innamincka. Although small, the town has an unsealed airstrip, Hotel, accommodation, meals, fuel, with camping grounds, Community Hall, Tennis Courts, Public Toilet facilities and Rodeo Ground, which are administered by the Council.
Cameron Corner is where the States of Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia meet. It is situated 402 kilometres from Thargomindah and has a population of four (4). The Cameron Corner Store offers accommodation, meals, groceries, fuel, and camping.